Kant's moral theory is, therefore, deontological: actions are morally right in virtue of their motives, which must derive more from duty than from inclination the clearest examples of morally right action are precisely those in which an individual agent's determination to act in accordance with duty overcomes her evident self-interest and . In his second proposition, kant iterates that the moral worth of an action derives from its maxim and not from its consequences in further deliverance of this notion, kant determines that a prescribed action done from duty is determined in its moral worth only by virtue of the principle, or maxim, in “accordance with which it is decided upon”. Kant answers that we do our moral duty when our motive is determined by a principle recognized by reason rather than the desire for any expected consequence or emotional feeling which may cause us to act the way we do. This paper argues that respect, not duty, is properly considered as the motive for moral action and that once this is recognized kant's practical philosophy turns out to be far less rigid and formalistic than it is often believed to be. According to kant this is the only thing that matters when deciding whether or not to do something, because motive is the most important factor in kantian ethics, it is possible for an action to have negative consequences while still being a moral act:.
For kant, in the second critique and other writings on ethics, such as groundwork of the metaphysics of morals, this involves awareness of the moral law, and a motive for acting in accordance with that law he claims that this motive, if we are concerned with pure reason, must be different in kind from any natural, empirically conditioned interest. Immanual kant – theory of motive and theory of duty posted by beckyclay | april 30, 2007 in ethics, there are two main theories when discussing moral philosophy they are the “theory of motive” and the “theory of duty”. Sistent with kant’s claim that a moral action is done for the sake of duty, and not from feeling, so long as the latter is taken to mean pathological feeling 6 a pathological feeling is one that is caused by our susceptibility. Philosophers of moral sense and saying that what moves us to perform a moral action as his theory of moral motivation kant writes that when we act from duty .
Kant claimed that a moral action is one that is carried out of a “sense of duty” the theory also posits that moral action is not founded upon feelings or pity, as well as is it is not motivated by the prospect of reward. For immanuel kant, the moral value of an action has nothing to do with what a person does actions themselves are not good or bad in addition, the results of the action do not determine whether . I think the “problem” of duty and moral worth arises from misunderstanding what kant had in mind a good will is supposed to have “unlimited” goodness, value or worth an action stemming from a good will exhibits this worth. Natural motives and the motive of duty genuinely shared action, while kant’s that it is his duty is the better character while a moral disagreement of this . For kant, it is very hard, if not impossible to know what our motive is in doing something, especially if our moral duty is also something we want to do so a person can act rightly, (in accord with the moral law), but, if it is motivated by selfish or emotional factors, the act has no moral worth.
1 the basic phenomenon of moral motivation the basic phenomenon of moral motivation might be given a more systematic depiction as follows, using ‘p’ to stand for some person or individual and ‘φ’ and ‘ψ’ each to stand for some action:. Kant's moral philosophy: a thorough overview based on the groundwork of the metaphysics of morals and later works including the topics of good will, duty, categorical and hypothetical imperatives, autonomy and kingdom of ends by robert johnson in the stanford encyclopedia. Kant's theory of moral worth involves identifying the individual as the author of moral law one acts morally, according to kant, when one chooses to act in a way in which that person would expect all people to act (under those circumstances).
In “foundations of the metaphysics of morals,” kant establishes an ethical view that only actions performed from duty have moral worth in order to be a moral action, the action must have its grounding in a maxim that can be universalized the maxim should be applicable to every circumstances or cases without a fundamental flaw being found in the maxim. Review of kant and the moral argument what makes an action moral brainstorm what is your moral duty kant calls a person’s moral duty an imperative. By contrast, were one to supplant any of these motivations with the motive of duty, the morality of the action would then express one’s determination to act dutifully out of respect for the moral law itself. Natural motives and the motive of duty hume and kant on our duties to others the moral character of her actions she is not, or need not be, motivated by .
What matters is the motive / immanuel kant if you believe in universal human rights, to make sense of kant’s moral philosophy, we need to understand what. Our duty is the right thing to do, which is obeying the moral law a rational being who consistently has the right motive for doing moral actions (duty) has what kant calls a good will moral law. Deontology means theory of duty stoicism comes from the ancient world how is kantian ethics grounded in a concept of moral for kant, motive is more important .
Chapter 2 - part 1 summary it is generally recognized that actions are not truly moral if they are performed in conformity with duty but not for the sake of duty alone. Kant: moral motivation in and his claim that only action from duty possesses moral worth appear to imply that pro-moral inclination is unnecessary for, if perhaps . An action is moral, said kant, only if one has no desire to perform it, but performs it out of a sense of duty and derives no benefit from it of any sort, neither material nor spiritual a benefit destroys the moral value of an action. Well, kant begins to answer these questions with another circular argument, saying that ‘duty’ is when someone acts in accordance with the ‘moral law’ this does not appear to clear up the confusion at all, if duty is defined by moral law, and vice versa, and we’re back where we started from.
C extinguishes the moral worth of an action d has no effect on the action's moral worth herman claims that in kant's view, when we act from the motive of duty we are. A summary of critique of practical reason and groundwork for the metaphysic of morals in 's immanuel kant (1724–1804) the motive behind any given moral action .